It is a common human instinct to have a pet as they offer both comfort and companionship to the partner. There was a time when pets were restricted outdoor, like your dad won’t allow your dog to wander in. but now the times have changed. You even let the dog in, the cat stays on your bed.
Pets are now the basic part of our families and they are every bit of your roommate. Thus the chances of infectious diseases are now just around the corner.
Although according to some animal doctors in Karachi, these diseases which can get transferred from animals to humans are known as zoonotic diseases.
Today we have compiled some of the basic and common infectious diseases that can get transferred from pets to humans.
Hookworms and Roundworms
Hookworms and roundworms are two of the most known and commonly found intestinal parasites that are often found in puppies and kittens. These types of parasites can travel from the animal gut to the feces in the form of larvae and eggs.
Hookworms are known to cause painful and itchy skin infections in humans. On the other hand, roundworms might even lead to those diseases which are painless. But these parasites can cause serious eye infections and subsequent damage in children. Especially those who come in contact with the pet and their feces.
Here’s how you can reduce the risk of these infections:
- Make sure to get your pet dewormed as soon as you bring them back from the vet to home
- Also, make sure to have some PPE on when you are gardening so that you are not in contact with these parasites
- Pay attention to hand hygiene, after you caress your pet, wash your hands
Ringworms are not even actual worms. It can lead to serious fungal infections in the upper dermis of humans. In addition to all this, ringworms are highly contagious. The carriers of these worms are not only dogs and cats but horses, and other animals can also lead to infections in humans.
If the infected pet has touched any surface then the surface can also transmit parasites to the animals. In case you already have a skin injury then it can lead to a serious vulnerability. Then it can also lead to an itchy red rash which is often dry and scaly or can be wet and cushy.
How You Can Lower the Risk Factor
- Make sure to avoid the contact with the infected person
- Stay away from people who are not vaccinated
- Make sure to pay attention to the personal and family hygiene
It is not a hidden fact that infections are mostly aftereffects of not eating right or eating something that is not suitable. But sometimes pets can also be the holder of salmonella. They can spread this infection through their feces.
Some of the common carriers of salmonella are lizards, snakes, and turtles. In addition to all these chicks and ducklings as well as dogs, cats, birds, and horses are also the sources of this infection.
The common signs and symptoms of this infection are stomach pain and diarrhea as well as fever.
Tips to Lower the Risk
- Make sure to wash your hands with soap and water every time you are in contact with animal feces
- In case you have a weak immune system you should try to avoid any contact with reptiles and chicks
Lyme disease is a condition in which a person suffers from a bacterial infection that transfers through ticks. It is not possible to get Lyme directly from your dog, but if your dog frequents outside then you are at risk of this infection.
Some of the common signs and symptoms of this one are:
- Bull’s eye rash at the site of tick
- Joint pain
Although not everyone can get an infection when they get in touch with the infection. But if you leave it without any treatment then the condition can take a turn for the worse.
Given below are some ways with the help of which you can tame this infection:
- Whenever you go hiking make sure to cover the areas that are exposed
- Consult with a vet and use preventives on your pet or an insect repellent
- In order to reduce the infection, remove the tick as soon as your pet comes home
- Make sure to avoid those areas that are prone to tick infestation, especially during summer
The Bottom Line
Pet infections are more common than we give them credit. They are often the underlying things that do not get the recognition but are important nonetheless. At this time, it is important for you to keep up with the information and talk to your primary healthcare advisor about how you can take care of yourselves.