Education in Canada; the country invests heavily in its educational system. In fact, Canada is one of the best countries in the world in terms of educational performance. According to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, it is also among the top three countries in the world as for spending on individuals in general post-secondary education.
1. Education in Canada; The Canadian education system
The education system ranks among the best in the world. The Canadian government allocates a larger budget than other G8 countries to education. However, there is no Ministry of Education in Canada. So the differences are notable from one province to another.
There is no federal ministry of education in Canada, but each province and territory has its own education system, although it is quite similar. For primary and secondary levels, education is generally free for residents. Canada being a bilingual country, French language schools are available across the country.
2. Education in Canada; Organization of the Canadian Educational System
The maximum 13 years of education in Canada are by grade (Kindergarten and Grades 1 to 12). Children typically start kindergarten at age five and progress year by year through grade 12 at age 18. Below is the structure used in most provinces and territories:
Usually, a student has a teacher for all major subjects in elementary school.
3. Education in Canada; Demonstration
3.1 Primary and secondary school
In Canada, you can enroll your children in free public schools or private schools. Public schools have a very good reputation, with 95% of Canadian students enrolled in them. The Canadian education system is very similar to the American system. Teachers encourage the students a lot; in Quebec, students regularly tutor their teachers and communicate with them. The scoring system works the same as in the United States, i.e., with letters ranging from A to F.
Education is obligatory between the ages of 6 and 16 in Canada. Children have the option of going to kindergarten until the age of 6, and then they go back to primary school for 6 years. Students receive the High School Diploma at the end of secondary education, which is the equivalent of the baccalaureate.
In Quebec, the system is not the same. What makes the Quebec education system unique is a college education; it is a program that prepares students for university; it lasts 2 or 3 years, depending on the chosen field. This corresponds to the first class and the last class in France. Pupils who choose the 3-year course go for specialized technician training.
3.2 Education in Canada; Higher education in Canada
Canada attracts nearly 300,000 international students each year. Canadian education is of excellent quality, and the degrees are recognized around the world. It is possible to choose a minor and many unrelated options to the chosen field of study. For example, a student studying physics might attend a history class. If you choose a French-speaking university, that will not prevent you from progressing in Shakespeare's language since most universities offer courses in English. Besides, universities are very multicultural and have many nationalities.
3.3 Education in Canada; The university or professional course
To graduate in Canada, you must obtain a certain number of credits. The Quebec Baccalaureate requires 3 years of study and 90 credits. English speaking universities in Quebec and in the other provinces of Canada validate the Bachelor in 4 years. The master's degree requires 2 years of study, and the doctorate, also known as Ph. D, requires between 2 and 5 years.
Students wishing to follow a vocational course in a specific field such as industry, public service, or the arts, can study at a Community College or at a Cegeps (general and vocational colleges) in Quebec. These institutions do not issue university diplomas but diplomas specific to each school. Tuition fees are lower there than in other higher education institutions.
4. Education in Canada; Public schools versus private schools in Canada
Most children in Canada attend public schools. Over 95% of Canadians choose a public school for their children's education.
Governments fully fund these. While these schools do not charge tuition fees, they expect students or their parents to buy books and course materials.
Boys and girls go to the same schools and share the same lessons and classes. Some private schools, on the other hand, only accept boys, while others only accept girls.
Private schools are supported somewhat by the state, but mainly through the generally very high tuition fees paid directly by parents.
5. Education in Canada; Canadian universities and international students
In most post-secondary institutions in Canada, international students pay significantly higher tuition fees than Canadians.
Tuition fees for international students vary from province to province, ranging from $ 11,000 to $ 30,000 per year of study.
While $ 30,000 may seem very expensive (that amount is two-thirds of the average annual salary of a Canadian), students who want to study at a prestigious university in the US city of Boston should consider shell out between $ 50,000 and $ 60. $ 000.
Canada Student Loans are only for Canadians and to persons residing there permanently. As for Canadian universities, they are more likely to offer scholarships to international graduate students.
The Government of Canada also does not pay international students' medical costs, and international student eligibility for medicare varies widely from province to province.
Canadian universities all now have an international student support office.
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Originally published on Live Positively.