We do not need to talk about the importance of technology in daily life. Everyone knows that, but what the majority may be ignorant of is the advancement of technology throughout its long history, and how it contributed to the transfer of humanity from the ages of darkness and ignorance, to what we are now, innovations and inventions that exceed expectations.
1. The history of the advancement of technology
The advancement of technology includes its pros and cons on the stages of a time series. In each stage of the time series, a standard method was adopted to survey the technological experiment and innovations, and accordingly mentioned the advancement of technology that went through time:
1.1 The beginnings of the Stone Age technology until 3000 BC
A degree of specialization in tool making by the time of Neanderthal was achieved 70,000 BC.
1.2 Urban Revolution 3000 – 500 BC
About 5000 years ago, a very important cultural transformation began in some good geographical locations, generating new needs and resources, accompanied by a significant increase in technological innovation that was the beginning of the city’s invention.
1.3 Technological achievements of Greece and Rome (500 BC-AD 500)
Their mechanical development was not unique even in the fields of military engineering and construction. They demonstrated great ingenuity and aesthetic sensitivity as their work was a completion of previous lines of development rather than innovation.
1.4 The Middle Ages 500-1500 AD
Many of the later empire’s institutions survived the collapse and profoundly affected the formation of the new civilization developed in Western Europe. The technology of the Teutonic tribes that moved to Western Europe was better than the Romans, who were the first to have sufficiently strong iron plows to undertake forest lowland.
1.5 The emergence of Western technology 1500-1750
The pace of change increased significantly and had a link to profound social, political, religious, and intellectual turmoil in Western Europe. The emergence of the nation-state and the Christian Church’s division through the Protestant, the renaissance reform, the scientific revolution, and the external expansion of European countries are all factors interacting with the advancement of technology.
1.6 The Industrial Revolution 1750-1900
The Industrial Revolution arose for several reasons, but the term industrial revolution is inaccurate because the Industrial Revolution has no clearly defined start or end. This term is sometimes used to describe an unusual acceleration in the rate of growth and change, especially to describe the first 150 years of this period.
2. Advancement of technology and its impact on human
The advancement of technology has a significant effect on human life and the development of societies. Technological development has brought more levels of human well-being in various educational, practical, industrial, and health fields. The advancement of technology and its impact on human is reviewed in detail as follow:
2.1 Advancement of technology in Industry
The most prominent stage of the advancement of technology is the development of the energy sector. The energy used in practical life until the nineteenth century was the vital energy of wind energy, water, and steam engines were used for specific industrial purposes. Other ways to obtain energy were developed among the vital sources in terms of design and effectiveness at the hands of many engineers and inventors, which accelerated the revolution of the water and the air wheel, and paved the way for the emergence of water turbines that are still effective until the present time. The windmill was improved by improving the sails and developing the materials made of it and its external appearance, Steam engines became more advanced and were used in the textile industry, coal mines, and grain mills.
The advancement of technology in the energy sector led to the development of the industrial sector in a big way. The emergence of steam engines led to the development of technologies for working with iron and then working on other metals such as steel and other metals. The formed iron became available at low prices, and it was used to build bridges in cities, and fire-resistant fences around factories, to manufacture mechanical devices, and railroads. Metals were developed, and other materials were added to them that improve their mechanical properties when thermal furnaces appeared. The improvement of the alloy industry in terms of hardness and lightness entered into the manufacture of many mechanical machines and added many advantages. This was the most prominent stage of the advancement of technology in the industrial field.
2.2 The advancement of technology in agriculture
The advancement of technology in the agricultural sector has reached a great extent, as machines were introduced to improve and accelerate productivity. The steam engines used in irrigation, tillage, and harvesting operations, with the emergence of electricity and the development of mechanical machines, enabled farmers to double their production, develop the method of harvesting, and Industrial packaging, and export to different countries.
2.3 The advancement of technology and education
The advancement of technology touches many fields, and education is no exception. Information and Communication Technologies can help develop students’ intellectual skills, critical thinking, problem-solving skills, and the ability to communicate. Technology has led to a revolution in the delivery of information in schools significantly. Interactive panels were inserted instead of whiteboards and blackboards; this helped teachers communicate different information with a three-dimensional technology that includes both the image, movement, and sound, making the process of transmitting information more enjoyable and easier for students. In addition to using electronic boards instead of paper books to study educational curricula with video, audio, and animated videos that facilitated the student and teacher to communicate and receive information.
The school must open up resolutely to these technologies to take full advantage of their incredible potential in terms of knowledge production and dissemination. So at the rate at which technology is evolving, we can venture to say that technology now occupies a prominent place in the field of education.
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Originally published on Live Positively.